A conventional mortgage is offered by a bank and is not insured by the federal government. This makes it a slightly higher risk for the bank, so the qualifications are more strict. For example, it may require a higher down payment or a lower debt to income ratio.
An FHA loan is a mortgage insured by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA). Borrowers are only required to make a 3.5% down payment which can sometimes come from a gift or a grant. Popular program for first time home buyers.
A USDA home loan (Rural Development) is a zero down payment mortgage for eligible moderate income households buying in qualified rural areas.
VA Loans are for military veterans. They require no down payment and have no monthly mortgage insurance cost. An excellent Loan Program for those who served to protect our country.
A Jumbo Mortgage is for higher balance loans between $424,001 and $2,000,000.